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Why you must get a micro hydro generator

micro hydro generator

What is a micro hydro generator?

micro hydro generator

When someone mentions hydropower, it is natural to think about large-scale projects such as dams and wave buoys. But did you know that there is a way you could own your very own hydropower plant to power your home? No, we are not talking about you building your own dam. Welcome to the world of micro-hydropower, you could get your very own hydroelectric generator!

To understand this subsection of hydropower, we need to trace our way back to our roots, and potentially, the roots of using water as a source of power. Several thousands of years ago, during the early iron age, our ancestors used flowing water from a river to power wheat mills. The kinetic energy of flowing water was transported through a system using gears and several mechanisms.

Water-based electricity is generated by harnessing the kinetic energy of moving water. Micro hydropower generators are small-scale hydroelectric devices that convert the moving water in a stream into electricity. This electricity is then used to power the property which the stream of water is flowing through or several properties around the stream.

What is Micro Hydropower?

Micro hydropower uses a water turbine to generate power from the flow of small rivers or streams. This is a clean, renewable, and environmentally friendly source of energy it can be used to power small communities and businesses. MHP can also help reduce flooding and erosion.

How do micro hydro power generators work?

Micro hydropower generators come in various types, each utilizing different mechanisms to generate power. These generators harness the potential energy of a flowing stream of water and convert it into kinetic energy, which is then used to turn a generator. This generator produces enough electricity to power a small property.

To achieve this, a water wheel or water turbine is used to convert the kinetic energy of the flowing water into mechanical energy. The paddlewheel is then turned by the mechanical energy, which drives the generator to produce electricity. The entire process is automated and requires minimal human intervention once set up.

Types of Micro Hydro Power Generators

Micro hydro generators are a boon to small-scale power generation, especially in remote and secluded regions where grid access is limited. These generators come in various forms, each with its unique set of attributes and benefits. The three most commonly used micro hydro generators are water wheel generators, turbine generators, and aerodynamic generators, each functioning on distinct principles.

Water wheel generators are the grandfathers of micro hydro generators, utilizing a rotating wheel to harness the power of flowing water, generating mechanical energy in the process. Although they are small in size and cheaper than their counterparts, operating and maintaining them can be challenging. However, like old wine, water wheel generators get better with time.

On the other hand, turbine generators use an impeller to spin a shaft that powers a motor. They are more powerful than water wheel generators and easier to operate. However, maintaining them can be quite tricky, and they tend to grow louder with age, akin to an old clock ticking away.

Finally, aerodynamic generators leverage air pressure to turn a shaft, generating a substantial amount of power, far more than water wheel and turbine generators combined. They are easy to maintain and rarely run into issues. Aerodynamic generators are akin to the majestic eagle, gliding effortlessly on the wind to generate energy, inspiring us to soar higher in our quest for cleaner energy solutions.

micro hydro power for off-grid houses

These generators can be located anywhere since there is access to a small body of water, making them an ideal option for rural areas or other places where grid access is not possible or desirable. This has the potential to bridge a technological gap between the countryside and the city. If you want a cheap source of energy to power your home in the countryside, an ultra-small water power generator is what you are looking for.

What are the benefits of micro hydro power generation?

Micro hydro generators are a newer technology that is becoming more popular for their many benefits. Micro hydro power generation uses small water turbines to create electricity. Here are some of the benefits of micro hydro power generation:

They produce renewable energy

Micro hydro generators generate renewable energy, meaning they have little effect on the environment.

They are reliable

They are reliable and efficient, producing enough power to serve a small home with little impact on the surrounding environment.

They cut down energy bills

They are cost effective, and will help you cut down large on your electricity bill, if not eliminate it completely.

A mere paragraph listing the advantages doesn’t do justice to a topic as vast as a micro hydro power plant (sorry for the irony). Let’s go a little deeper into the advantages and disadvantages of using a micro hydro generator.

Pros and Cons of micro hydropower generators

There are many pros and cons to micro hydro generators, so it is important to understand the benefits and drawbacks before making a decision. Here are some of the key factors to consider:

Benefits of micro hydro generators:

  1. Small size and easy installation Micro hydro power generators are small and easy to install, making them an attractive option for rural areas or remote locations.
  2. Low maintenance requirement Micro hydro generators typically require little maintenance, making them an affordable and eco-friendly choice.
  3. Variety of uses Micro hydro power generators can be used for a variety of purposes, including generating electricity, providing water supply, or generating renewable thermal energy.
  4. Reliability Micro hydro power generators are reliable and have a low failure rate, making them an attractive choice for long-term use.
  5. Affordability You need not pay for a battery or an energy storage system, since streams generally flow 24/7.

Drawbacks of micro hydro generators:

  1. Limited power output Unlike large hydroelectric dams, micro hydropower generators produce relatively low levels of power output. This means that they may not be suitable for applications where high levels of power are required (for example, in electric vehicles).
  2. The absolute requirement of having flowing water through your property If you do not have a steady stream of water flowing through your property, there is no way you could generate electricity through this method.
  3. Vulnerability The stream could dry up if the area is vulnerable to droughts, or the stream could get obstructed by an alien object.


A micro hydro generator is a small, low-power generator that utilizes water to produce electricity. They are commonly used in areas where there is no access to an electrical grid or where the power available is not sufficient to meet the needs of a community. By using a micro hydro generator, communities can generate their own electricity and improve their quality of life by having more control over their own energy supply.

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